Herbert Hoover was the 31st President of the United States. He was the last cabinet secretary to become president. He served as Commerce Secretary to President Calvin Coolidge before winning the presidency in 1928. His term would be marred by the stock market crash of 1929. He would run for reelection in 1932 against New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt and lose. Democrats would run against Hoover for a generation. President Harry Truman would help rehabilitate Hoover's image by putting him to work overseeing what the US needed to do to help Germany recover and later to help reorganize the federal departments of the government. Hoover died in 1964, until his death he had the longest retirement post-presidency until Jimmy Carter surpassed him in September 7, 2012. He was also the second longest-lived president after John Adams, both were surpassed by Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan.